UnknownMany of us are familiar with the fizzy sound that emanates as we pull the tab on a can of beer or soda. There are so many aluminum cans out in the world that 113,000 of them are recycled every minute. According to the Aluminum Association, recycled cans can appear back on shelves in about 60 days.
Where did these cans come from? Back in 1959, Coors created the first all-aluminum beverage container. Also at this time, Coors was paying a penny for each can returned to them. In 1964, Royal Crown Cola introduced RC Cola and Diet Rite in aluminum cans.
Why use aluminum? Before aluminum, beverage makers used steel cans. Aluminum proved to be much lighter and had a better surface for applying graphics than steel. Cans today weigh less than an ounce. Aluminum cans also allow for 100% protection against contaminants, oxygen, and light, according to the Aluminum Association. These cans also do not rust, have one of the longest shelf lives of any packaging, and are tamper-resistant. Aluminum cans are so strong, four six-packs can hold up a 2 ton car! In addition to providing superior beverage packaging, aluminum cans are used for aerosol products and paint.
The problem with the first aluminum cans was their opening mechanism. They required a device called a “church key” to open the cans. It is said that the inventor of the pull tab had to use the fender of his car to open his beer can, as he forgot his church key. He owned a tool company and invented the pull tab. This tab predated the tabs we are familiar with today, the “stay-on tab” invented in 1975.
The aluminum can is still alive and thriving more than 50 years after their invention. This growth can be attributed to the continued popularity of canned soft drinks, and the booming energy drink market. Companies like Red Bull, Amp, Monster, and more are utilizing aluminum cans to house their beverages. In addition to energy drinks, many craft beer brewers are using aluminum cans as opposed to bottles. The Aluminum Association found that almost 400 brewers use these cans, as they provide superior protection from light and oxygen.

Sheffield’s Women Of Steel will be honoured with a classical music concert to launch the new Music In The Round season at the city’s Crucible theatre – boosting their £150,000 statue appeal.

The internationally renowned Ensemble 360 played classics Schumann’s Piano Quartet in E flat and Schubert’s Octet of 1824, at Sheffield Crucible Studio, on Thursday, October 9.

Click here to watch the VIDEO

The evening raised money towards a city centre statue to honour the women who kept the steel mills going, making munitions, to help win two world wars. Some of the surviving Women Of Steel from World War Two, now in their 90s, were invited to attend the concert.

They were also invited to meet Deborah Chadbourn, Music In The Round executive director, to show her a maquette of the statue.

Deborah said: “We are proud to support this appeal for these inspirational women with an night of popular classical music everyone will enjoy.”safe_image


Famous quotes from Steven Job (Apple Inc.)

  • Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower [Steve Jobs]
  • But innovation comes from people meeting up in the hallways or calling each other at 10:30 at night with a new idea, or because they realized something that shoots holes in how we’ve been thinking about a problem [Steve Jobs]
  • “Innovation has nothing to do with how many R&D dollars you have. When Apple came up with the Mac, IBM was spending at least 100 times more on R & D. It’s not about money. It’s about the people you have, how you’re led, and how much you get it.” [Steve Jobs]
  • “You can’t ask customers what they want and then try to give that to them. By the time you get it built, they’ll want something new.” [Steve Jobs]

Famous quotes from Gunter Pauli (The Blue Economy)

  • Key in life is to be able to answer the question “How much is enough?” Modern society has a desire to accumulate stuff & do nothing with it [Gunter Pauli]
  • Life is about flows not about stuff we have. Water in a tank turns bad. Water that flows gives life. Money in banks turn toxic, it must flow [Gunter Pauli]
  • Our lives are full of stress. Some meditate, some walk, some sing and dance. Nature offers us garlic, maitake and hibiscus to relieve stress [Gunter Pauli]

Famous quotes from Albert Einstein

  • If you always do what you always did, you will always get what you always got. [Albert Einstein]
  • We cannot solve a problem by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them. [A. Einstein]
  • If at first the idea is not absurd, then there will be no hope for it. [A. Einstein]
  • “If at first an idea is not absurd, there is no hope for it.” [Albert Einstein]
  • Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results. [A. Einstein]
  • We cannot solve a problem by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them. [A. Einstein]

Famous quotes from Henry Ford (Ford)

  • Failure is simply the opportunity to begin again, this time more intelligently. [Henry Ford]
  • “Most people spend more time and energy going around problems than in trying to solve them.” [Henry Ford]
  • “You can’t build a reputation on what you’re going to do.” [Henry Ford]
  • “If I had asked people what they wanted, they would have said faster horses.” [Henry Ford]

Other Famous quotes

  • It’s tough when markets change and your people within the company don’t. [Harvard Business Review]
  • They always say time changes things, but you actually have to change them yourself. [Andy Warhol]
  • Necessity is the mother of invention. [Anonymous]
  • Minds are like parachutes; they work best when open. [T. Dewar]
  • The reasonable man adapts himself to the world; the unreasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to himself. Therefore all progress depends on the unreasonable man. [George Bernard Shaw]
  • There are no old roads to new directions. [The Boston Consulting Group]
  • You cannot discover new oceans unless you have the courage to lose sight of the shore. [Andre Gide]
  • Innovation is anything, but business as usual. [Anonymous]
  • The best way to predict the future is to invent it. [Alan Kay]
  • The more original a discovery, the more obvious it seems afterwards. [Arthur Koestler]
  • A discovery is said to be an accident meeting a prepared mind. [A. von Szent-Gyorgyi]
  • Innovation is the ability to convert ideas into invoices. [L. Duncan]
  • Small opportunities are often the beginning of great enterprises. [Demosthenes]
  • Two roads diverged in a wood, and I took the one less traveled by and that has made all the difference. [Robert Frost]
  • The only way to discover the limits of the possible is to go beyond them into the impossible. [A. Clarke]
  • The key to success is for you to make a habit throughout your life of doing the things you fear. [Vincent Van Gogh]
  • The impossible is often the untried. [J. Goodwin]
  • An idea that is not dangerous is unworthy of being called an idea at all. [Oscar Wilde]
  • Ideas are useless unless used. [T. Levitt]
  • It is not how many ideas you have. It’s how many you make happen. [Advertisement of Accenture]
  • The best ideas lose their owners and take on lives of their own. [N. Bushnell]
  • Creativity is thinking up new things. Innovation is doing new things. [Ted Levitt].
  • “If you are not willing to risk the unusual, you will have to settle for the ordinary. [Jim Rohn]
  • Ambition without knowledge is like a boat on dry land [movie – Karate kid]“What is the calculus of innovation?” “The calculus of innovation is really quite simple: knowledge drives innovation, innovation drives productivity, productivity drives our economic growth.” [William Brody]
  • In brainstorm, defer judgment without criticism. It requires four instances of praise for every instance of criticism to promote change. [Anonymous]
  • Nothing is stronger than habit. [Ovid]
  • Just do it.. [Nike]
  • When written in Chinese, the word ‘crisis’ is composed of two characters, one represents danger, and the other represents opportunity. [Saul David Alinsky]
  • Innovation is creativity commercialised. [Dr Cherylene de Jager]
  • “Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you didn’t do than by the ones you did. So throw off the bowlines, sail away from the safe harbor, catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover.” [Mark Twain]
  • “The difficult we do immediately. The impossible takes a little longer. [Anonymous]
  • You must do the things you think you cannot do. [Eleanor Roosevelt]
  • Statistically speaking, 100% of the shots you don’t take, don’t go in. [Wayne Gretzk]
  • “A life without risk is a life wasted” “I don’t know what my future holds, but I know who holds my future” [Anonymous]
  • “Change” is the only constant in life. So, learn to embrace amd enjoy change [Anonymous]
  • yesterday is history, tomorrow is the future, today is a gift, thats why they call it Present [Anonymous]
  • “It’s easy to come up with new ideas; the hard part is letting go of what worked for you two years ago, but will soon be out of date.” [Roger von Oech]
  • The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams. [Eleanor Roosevelt]
  • Learning and innovation go hand in hand. The arrogance of success is to think that what you did yesterday will be sufficient for tomorrow. [William Pollard]
  • “Discovery is the journey; insight is the destination.” [Gary Hamel]
  • always keep your words soft and sweet, just in case you’ll have to eat them, you can swallow it well. [Oprah Winfrey]

Xian, China

When you think of steel, you should be keeping an eye on China. China’s steel industry produces 50% of the world’s steel. They also demand the most of any other country. After the opening of China’s economy in 1978, demand for steel has been nonstop. Building infrastructure, cities, cars, apartments, factories, and more, China has an insatiable need for steel. The middle class is growing, and so is their income. This has lead to large demand for automobiles in a country where just a few decades ago many people were riding bicycles. The amount of cars on the roads in some major cities has caused havoc. So much so, that some cities institute rules about when people can drive. Certain license plate numbers can drive on specific days, which is implemented to help reduce traffic. China holds the title as having the largest automotive industry. Production of cars in 2009 exceeded that of the European Union, or of Japan and the United States combined.

During the period before China’s economic revolution, steel was hard to come by. During Chairman Mao’s reign, he determined that steel production was key to the economy. He decided (rather arbitrarily) to double steel production in one year through backyard steel furnaces. Citizens were required to throw their scrap metal like pots, pans, etc, into the furnaces. These furnaces produced low quality iron and steel. Eventually Mao and his cohorts visited large factories in nearby Manchuria and found that high quality steel was being produced. They stopped with program soon after.

Though capitalism has crept into China, many steel groups are still state-owned. It is strange to think of a time when China’s steel industry was behind the rest of the world. They are now a powerhouse in terms of manufacturing. It will be interesting to keep an eye on the Middle Country for the next few decades as their population and middle class continues to grow and expand. New cities are popping up throughout the country, especially in the west where there is more land. And as these cities grow, more steel will be needed.


Steel: A key driver of the world’s economy

  • The industry directly employs more than two million people worldwide, with a further two million contractors and four million people in supporting industries.
  • Considering steel’s position as the key product supplier to industries such as automotive, construction, transport, power and machine goods, and using a multiplier of 25:1, the steel industry is at the source of employment for more than 50 million people.
  • World crude steel production has increased from 851 megatonnes (Mt) in 2001 to 1,606 Mt for the year 2013. (It was 28.3 Mt in 1900).
  • World average steel use per capita has steadily increased from 150kg in 2001 to 225 kg in 2013.
  • India, Brazil, South Korea and Turkey have all entered the top ten steel producers list in the past 40 years.

Sustainable steel: At the core of the green economy

Steel is at the core of the green economy, in which economic growth and environmental responsibility work hand in hand.

  • Steel is the main material used in delivering renewable energy – solar, tidal and wind.
  • All steel created as long ago as 150 years can be recycled and used in new products and applications.
  • By sector, global steel recovery rates for recycling are estimated at 85% for construction, 85% for automotive, 90% for machinery and 50% for electrical and domestic appliances. This leads to a global weighted average of more than 83%.
  • The amount of energy required to produce a tonne of steel has been reduced by 50% in the past 30 years.
  • 97% of steel by-products can be reused.
  • Figures for water uptake and discharge are close to each other, with any small loss due to evaporation. Water recycled back into rivers and other sources is often cleaner than when extracted.

Steel: Everywhere in our lives

Steel touches every aspect of our lives. No other material has the same unique combination of strength, formability and versatility.

  • Almost 200 billion cans of food are produced each year. Steel cans mean saving energy as refrigeration is not needed. Cans mean tamper-free and safe food, nutritional value and beneficial environmental impact from recycling.
  • Steel used for double-hulled capesize vessels delivering raw materials, finished goods and energy must have the highest impact toughness (to withstand constant wave motion), corrosion resistance (from sea water) and weldability (for manufacturing reasons).
  • Skyscrapers are made possible by steel. The housing and construction sector is the largest consumer of steel today, using around 50% of world steel production.
  • Approximately 25% of an average computer is made of steel. More than 305 million PCs were sold in 2012.
  • Steel looks after our health. Steel surfaces are hygienic and easy to clean. Surgical and safety equipment and commercial kitchens are all made with steel.

Safe, innovative and progressive steel

Steel is an innovative and progressive industry committed to the safety and health of its people.

  • The industry is committed to the goal of an injury-free workplace.
  • The lost-time injury frequency rate has decreased from 5.1 in 2004 to 1.41 in 2012.
  • The number of worldsteel member organisations participating in the annual safety metrics survey has increased from 46 in 2005 to 89 in 2012.
  • The steel industry globally spends more than €12 billion annually on improving the manufacturing process, new product development and future breakthrough technology.
  • New lightweight steel is dramatically changing the market. In 1937, 83,000 tonnes of steel were needed to build the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. Today, only half of that amount would be required.
  • Vehicles structures using Advanced High Strength Steel (AHSS) weigh up to 35% less than those made with former conventional steel, substantially reducing greenhouse-gas emissions.

Life cycle thinking: New solutions for new times

  • Life cycle assessment (LCA) is vital for the future. Environmental regulations that only regulate one phase (the use phase) of a product’s life cycle can create unintended consequences, such as increased CO2 emissions.
  • One example of this is vehicle exhaust or tail pipe regulations, which encourage the use of low density materials that are more CO2 intensive to produce.
  • LCA considers production, manufacture, the use phase and end-of-life recycling and disposal. Life-cycle thinking leads to immediate environmental benefit.
  • In addition to CO2, LCA assesses other impacts such as resource consumption, energy demand and acidification.
  • LCA is easy to implement, cost effective and produces affordable and beneficial solutions for material decision-making and product design.
  • worldsteel developed one of the first global sector databases for life cycle inventory data, and invests on a regular basis to keep it up to date.

Source: World Steel Association

Andrew_Carnegie,_three-quarter_length_portrait,_seated,_facing_slightly_left,_1913-cropAndrew Carnegie was one of the first in the steel industry to realize how important chemistry was to the process. He is best known nowadays for the many buildings bearing his name. These include Carnegie Mellon University, Carnegie Hall, and the Carnegie Hero Fund. He gave away 94% of his fortune to charity and foundations before his death in 1919. His net worth in 2007 dollars was $298.3 billion.
He came to the US as a child of poor Scottish immigrants. His journey from immigrant to one of the most well-known and successful businessmen in history is covered in textbooks across the US. As a teen, he was secretary/ telegraph operator and from this job he learned about management and cost control. Soon Carnegie was investing and dealmaking.
He realized the growing need for steel when an investment in a farm yielded over $1 million for the petroleum in it’s oil wells. Luckily for him, he had invested in the iron industry before the war. His great success in the iron and steel industry was by adapting the Bessemer Process.
After growing Carnegie Steel he felt it was time for retirement at age 66. He created a joint venture with JP Morgan and created the United States Steel Corporation. This company was the first in the world with a market cap over $1 billion.
For all his philanthropy though, he was very tough on the workers at his steel mills. They worked 12 hours a day, all year except for the Fourth of July. Safety and worker happiness were not paramount of Carnegie’s focus on efficiency and productivity.
Some may see him as a rags to riches story, others as a demanding capitalist figure. Either way he helped shape the iron and steel industry as we know it.

2015-ford-f-150-photo-564664-s-986x603-626x382It seems we have discussed the use of steel in automobiles in a number of blogs over the last several months. First steel is going to be replaced by aluminum, then an article retracts that idea saying steel is around to stay. I suppose it will always depend on the vehicle but Ford recently announced the final steel-bodied F-150 rolled off the line at Ford’s Dearborn Truck Plant last month. 

According to caranddriver.com, Ford’s Kansas City facility will continue to manufacture steel-bodied F-150s until the end of the year, the line in Dearborn is being dismantled to make room for the new tooling and equipment required to produce aluminum-bodied trucks for the 2015 model year.


The Dearborn plant will be closed until mid-September, putting about 3,000 workers on temporary layoff. Employees will be called back in tiers, with two crews returning on September 21 and a third on October 20. Starting initially with preproduction models, the plant is scheduled to return to full speed before January.

According to experts, the company’s decision to switch its venerated pickup truck to aluminum is not without risk. Ford sold 63,240 F-150s in the U.S. in July, the last full month of production before the $359-million switchover began. In order to keep the cash flowing, Ford needs to expedite the switch but without sacrificing quality.

Read the full article here