The first laser was created in California by Theodore H. Maiman and his team in May, 1960. The “Ruby Laser” consisted of a synthetic ruby crystal rod that was placed inside a helical flash lamp. As the flash lamp energized the rod, the chromium atoms of the ruby would begin to glow, or floresce, a deep red. The first emitted photons stimulated the emission of further photons. In a cascade effect, the laser beam was formed – a light ray that was brighter than the sun at its surface!